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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 179472     Find in a Library
  Title: Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 26
  Editor(s): Michael Tonry ; Joan Petersilia
  Date Published: 1999
  Page Count: 562
  Annotation: These 10 essays survey current knowledge about policy issues and research developments related to prisons and imprisonment; topics include deterrence, incapacitation, public spending, overcrowding, prison management, inmate health care, inmate suicide, the effects of imprisonment on the offenders' later lives, and others.
  Abstract: The volume was jointly sponsored by the National Institute of Justice and the Corrections Program Office of the Office of Justice Programs. The first essay notes that the relationship between corrections policies and crime rates and crime patterns are unknown due to the problem of covariance. It also summarizes several issue clusters on which research has improved understanding; these include the collateral effects of imprisonment; the crime control effects of imprisonment; inmate and staff subcultures and interactions; and the political economy of prisons. Essays on prison population growth examine the factors responsible for the increases and the reasons for changes in penal policy. Additional essays examine the collateral consequences of imprisonment for inmates' children, communities, and former prisoners and examine changes and current challenges in corrections management. Further essays focus on interpersonal violence and social order in prisons and factors related to the relatively high and increasing rates of prison suicides. An essay that reviews research findings on adult correctional treatment concludes that treatment is effective in reducing criminal recidivism and that behavioral/cognitive treatments generally produce larger effects than other treatments. The final two essays examine changes in inmate health care and health care management and recent changes in discretionary parole release and parole field services. Figures, tables, footnotes, author and subject indexes, and chapter reference lists
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Corrections statistics ; Inmate staff relations ; Prisoners rights ; Incarceration and Imprisonment ; Deterrence ; Crime Rate ; Crime patterns ; Corrections management ; Convicted offender incapacitation ; Correctional reform ; Children of incarcerated offenders ; Corrections effectiveness ; Prison population prediction ; Inmate health care ; Prison overcrowding ; Cross cultural theories ; Institutional violence ; Inmate suicide ; Sentencing trends ; Inmate misconduct
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Corrections Program Office
United States of America
  Grant Number: 96-CE-VX-K001
  Publication Number: ISBN 0-226-80849-1
  Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
  Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Crime and Justice, volume 26
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