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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 206175     Find in a Library
  Title: Criminal Careers of Serious Delinquents in Two Cities
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1  DATASET 2  DATASET 3
  Author(s): Robert Brame ; Jeffrey Fagan ; Alex R. Piquero ; Carol A. Schubert ; Laurence Steinberg
  Editor(s): Edward P. Mulvey
  Journal: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice  Volume:2  Issue:3  Dated:July 2004  Pages:256 to 272
  Date Published: 07/2004
  Page Count: 17
  Annotation: This study investigated the evolution of offending within a sample of adolescent offenders in two large cities referred to juvenile and adult courts for serious criminal offenses.
  Abstract: Building on the limited literature, this study explored the relationship between offending as measured by self-reports and official records on the same individuals in two large cities, Philadelphia, PA, and Phoenix, AZ. The study focused on a relatively extreme sample of adolescent serious offenders which differed from previous studies. It provides basic descriptive information about the composition of the sample and then investigated the distribution of involvement in self-reported offending during the year preceding a baseline interview, along with the distribution of arrests that resulted in a referral to the juvenile courts in both cities. The project recruited 1,354 adjudicated adolescents between the ages of 13 and 19 years in Philadelphia and Phoenix. This analysis led to conclusions that were quite similar to those obtained in general population studies. The findings indicate that offense frequencies tend to be positively skewed, individuals who are arrested more often tend to self-report involvement in offending at greater levels than those who have been arrested less often, and the correlation between self-reported offending frequency and arrest frequency is relatively robust across different demographic groups within the population. Future research is recommended in tracking self-report and official records over time within individuals to examine changes in criminal offending between different measurement approaches. Tables and references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders
  Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Criminality prediction ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Juvenile Delinquent behavior ; Juvenile delinquency research ; Juvenile delinquency theory ; Serious juvenile offenders ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: William Penn Foundation
United States of America

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
United States of America

William T. Grant Foundation
United States of America

National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

Pennsylvania Cmssn on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
United States of America

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America

Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2000-MU-MU-0007;1999-IJ-CX-0053;
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Special Issue: Pathways to Desistance, for additional articles see NCJ-206173-174 and NCJ-206176.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=206175

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