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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 206554     Find in a Library
  Title: National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Kristin Littel
  Date Published: 09/2004
  Page Count: 141
  Annotation: This report presents the national protocol for sexual assault medical forensic examinations designed as a guide for criminal justice and health care practitioners who respond to victims of sexual assault.
  Abstract: The National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations was developed by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women (VAWA), under the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 and designed to offer guidance to jurisdiction in creating and implementing their own protocols and recommending specific procedures related to the exam process. The protocol was developed with the input of national, local, and tribal experts throughout the United States including law enforcement representatives, prosecutors, advocates, medical personnel, forensic scientists, and others. The protocol is intended to assist jurisdictions in developing a response that is sensitive to victims of sexual assault and promotes offender accountability. This report focuses on elements of immediate response that are the responsibility of health care providers and seeks to assist health care personnel in validating and addressing patients’ health concerns, minimizing the traumas patients may experience, promoting healing, and maximizing the collection and preservation of evidence from patients for potential use in the legal system. The protocol addresses the role of advocates, law enforcement representatives, and other responders in the medical forensic exam process. The report is divided into three main sections: (1) overarching issues -- coordinated team approach, victim-centered care, informed consent, confidentiality, reporting to law enforcement, and payment for the examination under VAWA; (2) operational issues -- sexual assault forensic examiners, facilities, equipment and supplies, sexual assault evidence collection kit, timing considerations for collecting evidence and evidence integrity; and (3) the examination process -- initial contact, triage and intake, documentation by health care personnel, the medical forensic history, photography, exam and evidence collection procedures, drug-facilitated sexual assault, STI evaluation and care, pregnancy risk evaluation and care, discharge and follow up, and examiner court appearance. Eleven recommendations are presented highlighting key points discussed in the protocol. Appendix A and B
  Main Term(s): Sexual assault
  Index Term(s): Evidence collection ; Rape ; Evidence identification and analysis ; Forensic medicine ; Sexual assault victims ; Rape investigations ; Sexual assault trauma ; Rape evidence kits ; Violence Against Women Act
  Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women
Grants Office
United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

US Dept of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women
810 Seventh Street, NW
Grants Office
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
  Type: Guideline
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: This resource was updated by the U.S. Department of Justice in April 2013 as NCJ 228119. View the most recent version at
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