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NCJ Number: NCJ 214021     Find in a Library
Title: Correlates of Corrections Officer Job Stress: The Impact of Organizational Structure
Author(s): Eric G. Lambert Ph.D. ; Nancy Lynne Hogan Ph.D. ; Reva I. Allen Ph.D.
  Journal: American Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:30  Issue:2  Dated:Sprng 2006  Pages:227 to 246
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 20
  Annotation: This study examined the impact of the organizational structure on correctional job stress.
Abstract: Correctional staff face a very demanding job. A job in which the demands and pressures they face every day could lead many to suffer from stress. In the corrections field, centralization (in terms of lack of autonomy), instrumental communication, and organizational justice (in terms of procedural justice) are important organizational structure factors in helping shape job stress. Before interventions and changes can be implemented, additional research is recommended on the identification of job stress correlates. Evidence shows the need to explore additional factors as possible sources of stress for correctional officers. Many different facets of the correctional work environment have been used to explain correctional employees’ job stress. One area that has received little, if any, attention is the impact of organizational structure. This study examined the impact of organizational structure in terms of centralization, instrumental communication, integration, and organizational justice on the job stress of correctional staff. These four major forms of organizational structure are found in every organization. Centralization is concerned with the degree of control employees have in making decisions that affect both the organization and their own jobs. Instrumental communication is the information that employees receive about their tasks, jobs, organizational processes, organizational issues, and general concerns. Integration is concerned with the extent that an organization allows and stresses that different work groups work together in cooperation and coordination to accomplish tasks and goals. Lastly, organizational justice deals with the perceived degree of fairness and justice found within an organization. The study utilized 272 surveys of a representative sample correctional staff from a midwestern correctional facility. References and appendix
Main Term(s): Corrections occupational stress
Index Term(s): Correctional organization ; Correctional personnel ; Job pressure ; Stress management ; Stress assessment ; Correctional personnel attitudes ; Correctional officer stress ; Correctional stress training
Publisher URL: 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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