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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 221745     Find in a Library
  Title: Weed and Seed Initiative and Crime Displacement in South Florida: An Examination of Spatial Displacement Associated with Crime Control Initiatives and the Redevelopment of Public Housing
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Caterina Gouvis Roman ; Meagan Cahill ; Mark Coggeshall ; Erica Lagerson ; Shannon Courtney
  Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 12/2005
  Page Count: 39
  Annotation: The goal of this study was to assess the displacement effects of crime reduction efforts and quality of life improvements undertaken in Weed and Seed target neighborhoods in Miami, FL.
  Abstract: The results of the interrupted time series analyses do not support the supposition that violent crime and drug activity decreased significantly as a result of the crackdown. The effect on violent crime was in the expected direction, a decrease, but the parameter estimate was not significant. With regard to drug activity, the results show that drug activity significantly increased for a 3-month period after the initial arrests of gang members in 1999. The hypothesis, that given the large number of gang members arrested and incarcerated, displacement of crime to certain areas would occur, was not supported. Although the time series analysis did not find a significant reduction in violent crime or drug crime in the target area, examination of crime patterns found that there was some evidence of a reduction in the incidence of these crimes after the gang crackdown within the target area and also in the displacement area. The study of spatial displacement offers an important complement to studies examining the effectiveness of crime prevention activities. As found in this study using the Weighted Displacement Quotient (WDQ) to examine changes of crime with regard to the gang crackdown, diffusion of benefits outward from the target neighborhood is a plausible consequence of targeted gang and drug reduction activities. Examining the effectiveness of crime prevention activities with an eye toward displacement and diffusion will assist efforts to better understand the phenomena and minimize any negative consequences. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact on crime with regards to these crime prevention events, as well as whether spatial displacement of crime occurred as a result of these events within the Miami/Miami-Dade Weed and Seed initiative. This Weed and Seed initiative focused on crime prevention and intervention efforts in the Liberty City neighborhood. Tables, figures, references
  Main Term(s): Weed & Seed Programs ; Florida
  Index Term(s): Crime Control Programs ; Violent crimes ; Program evaluation ; Crime prevention measures ; Drug Related Crime ; Community crime prevention programs ; Police crime-prevention ; Community policing ; Violence prevention
  Sponsoring Agency: Justice Research and Statistics Association
United States of America

US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Community Capacity Development Office (CCDO)
United States of America
  Grant Number: UI22-2003-001
  Sale Source: The Urban Institute
2100 M Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20037
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Downloaded on February 27, 2008
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