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NCJ Number: NCJ 233009     Find in a Library
Title: Investigation of Emergency Vehicle Crashes in the State of Michigan
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Peter T. Savolainen ; Kakan Chandra Dey ; Indrajit Ghosh ; Teja L.N. Karra ; Alexander Lamb
Date Published: 10/2009
Page Count: 41
  Annotation: This study identified critical factors associated with the occurrence of emergency vehicle crashes in Michigan from 2004 to 2008, distinguished among the characteristics of crashes that involved different types of emergency vehicles, and determined those factors that affected the injury severity in emergency vehicle crashes.
Abstract: Crashes during emergency responses were more likely to occur near intersections or driveways, under dark lighting conditions, and during the nighttime peak period. The types of crashes that were the most prevalent were angle, head-on, and sideswipe collisions. These emergency response crashes were also characterized by high-risk driving behaviors, notably speeding, overtaking, passing, and non-use of safety restraint devices. Injuries tended to be most severe at high speeds, when emergency or nonemergency drivers exhibited high-risk driving behavior, when angle collisions occurred, and when crashes involved police cars. Crashes yielded the least severe injuries when they occurred at locations with lower posted speed limits, under darkness, when male drivers were involved, and particularly when safety belts were used. The study recommends mounting efforts to improve the knowledge, skills, and abilities of emergency vehicle drivers, including targeted training and educational program designed to reduce the frequency of high-risk driving behaviors. Initiatives should also attempt to increase awareness of emergency vehicle safety issues among the general public, since crash data indicate that poor and risky driving by the general public - including speeding, disregarding traffic controls, and other careless driving behaviors - present a problem for emergency vehicle operators. 4 tables and 24 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Police safety ; Emergency vehicles ; Traffic accidents ; Police pursuit driving ; Michigan
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Transportation
Research and Special Programs Admin
Office of University Research
United States of America
Grant Number: DTRT07-G-005
Sale Source: NEXTRANS Ctr
Purdue University ] Discovery Park
2700 Kent B]100
West Lafayette,, IN 47906
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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