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NCJ Number: NCJ 239686     Find in a Library
Title: Probation and Parole in the United States, 2011
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Author(s): Laura M. Maruschak ; Erika Parks
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 11/2012
Page Count: 21
  Series: BJS Bulletins
  Annotation: This study presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole during 2011.
Abstract: This report provides data on the total number of adults supervised in the community each year, the number of adults who enter and exit supervision, and characteristics of the population. Results show that during 2011, the number of adults under community supervision declined by about 71,300, and was down to 4,814,200 at yearend. A 2 percent decline in the probation population along with a 1.6 percent increase in the parole population accounted for the overall change in the community supervision population. For the first time since 2002, the U.S. probation population fell below 4 million. About 4.3 million adults moved onto or off probation; probation entries declined for the fourth consecutive year while probation exits declined for the second consecutive year. Two-thirds of probationers completed their term of supervision or were discharged early during 2011, about the same percentage as in 2009 and 2010. The rate of incarceration among probationers at risk for violating their conditions of supervision in 2011was consistent with the rate in 2000.Nearly 853,900 adults were on parole at yearend; about 1.1 million adults moved onto or off parole during the year. The State parole population grew 1.1 percent, from about 736,800 to 744,700, while the Federal population grew 5.1percent, from 103,800 to 109,100. Slightly more than half of parolees completed their term of supervision or were discharged early in 2011, unchanged from 2010. Among parolees at risk for violating their conditions of supervision, about 12 percent were re-incarcerated during 2011, down from more than 15 percent in 2006. Tables, figures, and appendixes
Main Term(s): Parole statistics
Index Term(s): Adult offenders ; Offender statistics ; Probation statistics ; Community-based corrections (adult)
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Statistics ; Report (Annual/Periodic)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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