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NCJ Number: NCJ 240304     Find in a Library
Title: Lost In the Gender Maze: Placement of Transgender Inmates In the Prison System
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Benish A. Shah
  Journal: Journal of Race, Gender and Ethnicity  Volume:5  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:39 to 56
Date Published: 02/2010
Page Count: 18
  Annotation: This article addresses the critical issue of the placement of transgender inmates into male or female prisons and holding cells based on genitalia rather than the inmate’s gender identification.
Abstract: The first part of the article addresses the definition of “transgender” under the legal system. It is those “whose gender identity, their sense of maleness or femaleness, differs from their anatomical sex.” The legal system, on the other hand, defines individuals as male or female based on genitalia. When faced with a transgender person, courts insist on determining gender by biological features. The second part of the article reviews the abuse suffered by transgender individuals, from the humiliation in the initial booking process to the sexual assaults suffered repeatedly in prisons, based on prison placement according to genitalia. Examples of such abuse highlight the lack of protocol in place for booking transgender individuals at the beginning of criminal justice processing. Part III of the article analyzes the possible solutions to the placement problems, including placement based on a person’s self-identified gender, administrative segregation, and Category B prisons. The latter are prisons that house individuals who declare themselves to be homosexuals or appear to be transgender. The article concludes with a few proposed solutions to provide relatively “quick” relief to transgender inmates while larger policy issues are debated. Among the suggestions are a mandatory training curriculum for deputies, guards, and officers; the re-opening of Category B prisons; and making prison officials, corrections officers, and other prison employees accountable for the mistreatment of transgender inmates. 113 notes
Main Term(s): Corrections management
Index Term(s): Sexual behavior ; Diagnostic and reception processing ; Offender classification ; Inmate classification ; Sexual harassment ; Prisoner sexual assault ; Psychosexual behavior ; Gender issues
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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