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NCJ Number: NCJ 240491     Find in a Library
Title: Childhood Violence Exposure: Cumulative and Specific Effects on Adult Mental Health
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Carole Hooven ; Paula S. Nurius ; Patricia Logan-Greene ; Elaine A. Thompson
  Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:27  Issue:6  Dated:August 2012  Pages:511 to 522
Date Published: 08/2012
Page Count: 12
  Annotation: This study examined childhood exposure to violence and victimization and the effect it has on adult mental health.
Abstract: Childhood exposure to violence and victimization is a significant public health problem, with potentially long-lasting, deleterious effects on adult mental health. Using a longitudinal study design, 123 young adults—identified in adolescence as at-risk for high school dropout—were examined for the effects of multi-domain childhood victimization on emotional distress and suicide risk, net of adolescent risk and protective factors, including family dysfunction. The hypothesis that higher levels of cumulative childhood victimization would be significantly associated with mental health maladjustment in young adulthood was confirmed by the analysis. However, the victimization predictors of adult emotional distress were different than the predictors of adult suicide risk. These findings indicate the need for prevention and intervention approaches that include thorough assessment, and focus on the childhood and adolescent problem areas that are most consequential for long-term psychological well-being. Abstract published by arrangement with Springer.
Main Term(s): Young Adult (18-24)
Index Term(s): Suicide ; Victimization ; Emotional disorders ; Mental health ; Exposure to Violence
Sponsoring Agency: University of Washington School of Nursing
United States of America

National Institute of Mental Health
United States of America

National Institute for Nursing Research
United States of America

University of Washington's Royalty Research Foundation
United States of America

National Ctr for Research Resources
National Institutes of Health
United States of America
Grant Number: R01 NR 03550;5 T32 MH020010;TL1 RR 025016
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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