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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 240601     Find in a Library
Title: Physical Tactics of Female Partners Against Male Batterer Program Participants
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Edward W. Gondolf
  Journal: Violence Against Women  Volume:9  Issue:18  Dated:September 2012  Pages:1027 to 1044
Date Published: 09/2012
Page Count: 18
  Annotation: This article summarizes a analysis of the extent and nature of physical tactics used by women partners of batterer program participants.
Abstract: Descriptive and predictive analyses were conducted using a multisite database of batterer program participants to assess the nature and extent of their female partner’s violence, and implications for batterer program outcome (N = 563). Approximately 40 percent of the women reported ever using “severe” conflict tactics on the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS; 17 percent used severe tactics in the arrest incident). Approximately 20 percent of the women reported using any type of physical tactic during a 15-month follow-up, and nearly all of these women were with men who physically attacked them during that period. These women were also highly likely to report acting out of fear or self-defense, and having sought a variety of services to deal with the men’s violence. Their male partners, furthermore, showed evidence of antisocial tendencies and alcohol problems. Overall, the findings suggest women’s “violent resistance” rather than “mutuality and symmetry.” Batterer programs appear more appropriate in this regard than couples counseling. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Victims of violence
Index Term(s): Self defense ; Services effectiveness ; Abused women ; Victim program surveys ; Spouse abuse treatment programs ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
United States of America
Grant Number: 2001-WT-BX-0502
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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