skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 240741     Find in a Library
Title: Indigenous Disparity in Lower Court Imprisonment Decisions: A Study of Two Australian Jurisdictions, 1998 to 2008
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Samantha Jeffries ; Christine Bond
Date Published: 12/2012
Page Count: 6
  Annotation: This study examined Indigenous disparity in lower court imprisonment decisions in two Australian jurisdictions over a 20-year period.
Abstract: Highlights of findings from this study of Indigenous disparity rates in lower court imprisonment decisions in two Australian jurisdictions include the following: Indigenous offenders were more likely to receive a prison term than similarly situated non-Indigenous offenders; the pattern of disparity varied by jurisdiction, with Indigenous offenders in New South Wales more likely to receive prison sentences over the entire study period while Indigenous offenders in South Australia received prison sentences more on par with non-Indigenous offenders during the early years of the study period yet with the disparity in sentencing increasing later in the study period. This study examined three hypotheses regarding sentencing disparity among Indigenous offenders: differential involvement, negative discrimination, and positive discrimination. Data for the study were obtained from two sources: the South Australia Office of Crime Statistics and Research’s court database, and the New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research courts database. The data covered a 20 year period from 1998 through 2008. Offender social demographics, court processing factors, and past and current offending information were analyzed to determine the impact of Indigenous status on sentencing outcomes. The findings suggest that sentencing disparity continues between Indigenous and non-Indigenous offenders and that this disparity may be increasing. The findings also suggest that the disparity may be due in part to practical constraints such as limited organizational resources, as well as to variances in the number and kind of sentencing factors considered in the study. Figure and references
Main Term(s): Sentencing disparity
Index Term(s): Sentencing/Sanctions ; Determinate Sentencing ; South Australia ; Sentencing factors ; Sentence processing ; Foreign sentencing ; Australia ; New South Wales
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: Australia
Language: English
Note: Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, No. 446, December 2012
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.