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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 240750     Find in a Library
Title: Conotoxins: Potential Weapons From the Sea
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Peter D. Anderson ; Gyula Boker
  Journal: Bioterrorism & Biodefense  Volume:3  Issue:3  Dated:2012  Pages:1 to 4
Date Published: 2012
Page Count: 4
  Annotation: Cone snails are predatory marine animals that kill their prey with powerful venom.
Abstract: Conotoxins are a pharmacologically and chemically diverse group of toxins found in the venom. A number of species of cone snails, such as Conus geographus, are deadly to humans. Conotoxins affect numerous neurotransmitter receptors and ion channels in the body. The receptors impacted include nicotinic, adrenergic, NMDA, and serotonergic. Ion channels altered include sodium, potassium and calcium. The most lethal effect of conotoxins to humans is muscle paralysis of the diaphragm causing respiratory arrest. Numerous conotoxins are being used as research tools or being explored as therapeutic drugs. Concerns in the homeland security field exist that certain conotoxins could be weaponized and used as an aerosol. Conotoxins at risk of terrorist use include a-conotoxins, k-conotoxins and o-conotoxins. Most conotoxins are not a bioterrorism threat. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Poisons and poison analysis ; Terrorist tactics ; Terrorist weapons ; Biological weapons
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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