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NCJ Number: NCJ 240779     Find in a Library
Title: On the Chopping Block 2012: State Prison Closings
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Nicole D. Porter
Corporate Author: Sentencing Project
United States of America
Date Published: 12/2012
Page Count: 14
  Annotation: The closing of State prisons is examined.
Abstract: This report illustrates the growing trend of States to downsize or close their prisons, thereby reducing prison capacity in 2012 by 14,100 beds, and 28,000 since 2011. In 2012, at least 6 States have closed 20 prison institutions or are contemplating doing so, potentially reducing prison capacity by over 14,100 beds and resulting in an estimated $337 million in savings. During 2012, Florida led the Nation in prison closings with its closure of 10 correctional facilities; and the State’s estimated cost savings for prison closings total over $65 million. This year’s prison closures build on closures observed in 2011 when at least 13 States reported prison closures and reduced prison capacity by an estimated 15,500 beds. Sections of this report address: basis for closures, reduction in State prison populations and State sentencing reforms; opportunities created by excess capacity, selling extra capacity, repurposing prisons, and challenges in closing prisons; continued efforts to expand capacity; and creating opportunity by reducing incarceration. This year, States planning to close prisons include California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, and Louisiana. Reforms in sentencing and parole policies have resulted in less demand for prison space in addition to States working to balance budget priorities. A chart shows the correctional facility name, operational capacity and year closed (2011-2012) by State. The full report includes a comprehensive chart on State closings. Table and appendix
Main Term(s): State correctional facilities
Index Term(s): Policy analysis ; Cost effectiveness analysis ; Cost analysis ; State-by-state analyses ; Corrections research ; Economic impact of prisons
Sale Source: Sentencing Project
1705 DeSales Street, NW
8th Floor
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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