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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 240826     Find in a Library
  Title: Fracture Patterns on the Infant Porcine Skull Following Severe Blunt Impact
  Document URL: HTML 
  Author(s): Brian J. Powell, B.S. ; Nicholas V. Passalacqua, M.S. ; Timothy G. Baumer, M.S. ; Todd W. Fenton, Ph.D. ; Roger C. Haut, Ph.D.
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:57  Issue:2  Dated:March 2012  Pages:312 to 317
  Date Published: 03/2012
  Page Count: 6
  Annotation: This study documented patterns of fracture on infant porcine skulls.
  Abstract: The objective of this study was to document patterns of fracture on infant porcine skulls aged 2–28 days (n = 57) because of a single, high energy blunt impact to the parietal bone with rigid (nondeformable) and compliant (deformable) interfaces. Fracture patterns were mapped using Geographic Information System software. For the same generated impact force, the rigid interface produced more fractures than the compliant interface for all ages. This study also showed that this increased level of impact energy versus an earlier study using a lower energy resulted in new sites of fracture initiation and also caused previously defined fractures that propagate into an adjacent bone. Several unique characteristics of bone and diastatic fracture were documented as a function of specimen age, impact energy, and interface. These data describe some baseline characteristics of skull fracture using an animal model that may help guide future studies from forensic case files. Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
  Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
  Index Term(s): Bone analysis ; Blunt force trauma injuries ; Geographic information systems (GIS) ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2007-DN-BX-K196
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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