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NCJ Number: NCJ 240880     Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Race on the Police Decision to Search During a Traffic Stop: A Focal Concerns Theory Perspective
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): George E. Higgins ; Gennaro F. Vito ; Elizabeth L. Grossi
  Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:28  Issue:2  Dated:May 2012  Pages:166 to 183
Date Published: 05/2012
Page Count: 18
  Annotation: This study contributes to the literature on racial profiling an important issue in contemporary policing.
Abstract: Racial profiling is an important issue in contemporary policing. Research in this area, especially in the decision to search, has relied on an outcomes test and correlates that are largely devoid of theory. Thus, the research is unable to provide a clear understanding of police decision making during a traffic stop. The purpose of the present study was to examine this process. Using data from more than 36,000 traffic stops from Louisville, KY, the present study applies the focal concerns theory to this decision-making process. The research results indicate that blameworthiness is the primary reason that searches are performed for the entire sample of traffic stops as well as those for the Black and White subsamples. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Profiling
Index Term(s): Theory ; Police decisionmaking ; Literature reviews ; Vehicle stops ; Kentucky
Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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