skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 240881     Find in a Library
Title: Discretion to Search: A Multilevel Examination of Driver Demographics and Officer Characteristics
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:28  Issue:2  Dated:May 2012  Pages:184 to 205
Author(s): Rob Tillyer ; Charles F. Klahm IV ; Robin S. Engel
Date Published: 05/2012
Page Count: 22
Document: HTML 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined police decisionmaking.
Abstract: Understanding police decisionmaking has been a priority for policing scholars since the middle part of the 20th century. Recent emphasis has focused on examining the decision to search drivers and vehicles during pedestrian and traffic stops. The current study contributes to this body of literature by testing a series of hypotheses based on Skolnick’s notion of “symbolic assailants” and Smith and Alpert’s social conditioning model. Using data gathered from a large, Midwestern municipal jurisdiction over an 8-month period during 2005 and 2006, the authors estimate a series of hierarchical models to assess the relationship between discretionary searches and driver, vehicle, stop, and officer characteristics. Results indicate that specific driver groups including young, Black males are more likely to be searched for discretionary reasons. This relationship is further conditioned by officer assignment. Policy implications and suggestions for future research are also discussed. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Profiling
Index Term(s): Police discretion ; Behavior patterns ; Police attitudes ; Vehicle searches
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=262962

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.