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NCJ Number: NCJ 240882     Find in a Library
Title: Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Differences in Perceptions of the Police: The Salience of Officer Race Within the Context of Racial Profiling
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Joshua C. Cochran ; Patricia Y. Warren
  Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:28  Issue:2  Dated:May 2012  Pages:206 to 227
Date Published: 05/2012
Page Count: 22
  Annotation: This study examined whether racial variation in evaluations of police behavior is moderated by the race of the officer.
Abstract: Prior research has consistently demonstrated the salience of minority status in understanding racial and ethnic differences in perceptions of the police. This research has overwhelmingly shown that Blacks and Latinos hold lower levels of trust and confidence in the police than do Whites and other racial minorities. The increased skepticism of the police expressed by minority citizens is commonly associated with racial profiling and documented racial disparities in police behavior. Although policing research has empirically demonstrated the influence of race on perceptions of the police, few studies have explored the relevance of officer race in shaping citizens’ evaluations of police encounters. Using data from the BJS Police–Public Contact Survey, the purpose of this study is to examine whether racial variation in evaluations of police behavior is moderated by the race of the officer. The results suggest that officer race may be an important factor in shaping citizen perceptions of police stops, particularly when it comes to Black citizens. This finding is important as it provides some evidence that increasing the number of minority officers may be one viable option for improving citizen–officer relations. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Profiling
Index Term(s): Public Opinion of the Police ; Minority police ; Police-minority relations
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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