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NCJ Number: NCJ 240904     Find in a Library
Title: “An Absolute Revolving Door”: An Evaluation of Police Perception and Response to Proposition 36
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Christine Gardiner
  Journal: Criminal Justice Policy Review  Volume:23  Issue:3  Dated:September 2012  Pages:275 to 303
Date Published: 09/2012
Page Count: 29
  Annotation: This study examined how law enforcement adapted to Proposition 36 (aka SACPA) in Orange County, CA.
Abstract: Proposition 36 (aka SACPA) radically changed how the criminal justice system in California deals with drug offenders—from a crime control model to an addiction-treatment model. Although it was anticipated that the diversion-to-treatment law would have a significant impact on drug offenders, courts, and corrections in the State of California, it was not anticipated to have a noticeable effect on law enforcement. Contrary to expectations, the current study found very high levels of frustration among law enforcement officers. The frustration altered the way some officers exercised discretion and led many to actively circumvent the legislation. Specifically, officers reported that they now seek out additional charges to disqualify offenders from being diverted through Proposition 36, and they are less likely to arrest offenders for being under the influence. These results are consistent with findings from other street-level bureaucracy studies of police response to new policies and programs. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Police discretion
Index Term(s): Drug laws ; Legislation ; Policy ; Diversion programs ; NIJ grant-related documents ; California
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-IJ-CX-0031
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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