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NCJ Number: NCJ 240927     Find in a Library
Title: Industrial Organization of Street Gangs
Journal: Journal of Gang Research  Volume:20  Issue:1  Dated:Fall 2012  Pages:1 to 17
Author(s): David Skarbek ; Russell Sobel
Date Published: 2012
Page Count: 17
Publisher: http://www.ngcrc.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined more broadly the industrial organization of street gangs by using a survey of law enforcement on gang structure, size, and activity in 200 U.S. cities.
Abstract: Economists have long studied the determinants and organization of commercial enterprises, but few researchers have applied these theories in the context of criminal street gangs. Past research on street gangs has focused primarily on a single gang's activity or on gang activity in a single city. The authors examined more broadly the industrial organization of street gangs by using a survey of law enforcement on gang structure, size, and activity in 200 U.S. cities. The authors identified empirical factors that determine the average gang size, number of gangs in a city, number of gang-related homicides, and gang-related drive-by shootings. In addition, the authors looked at two hypotheses drawn from within the economics literature - the role of ethnic fractionalization on gang activity and the role gangs perform as protective associations - to better understand criminal street gangs. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Homicide ; Organization studies ; Organizational theories ; Drive by shootings ; Gang violence ; Ethnicity
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263014

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