skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 240983     Find in a Library
  Title: APPD Randomized Controlled Trial in Low-Risk Supervision: The Effect of Low Risk Supervision on Rearrest
  Document URL: PDF PDF 
  Author(s): Lindsay C. Ahlman, M.S. ; Ellen M. Kurtz, Ph.D.
  Corporate Author: Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas
Adult Probation Division
United States of America
  Date Published: 10/2008
  Page Count: 14
  Annotation: This study investigated whether or not low risk offenders could be supervised in large caseloads without increased risk to the public.
  Abstract: Results indicate that large caseloads do not increase the risk of arrest for low risk offenders. There was no difference in either the rate of any arrest or an arrest for a serious offense between low risk offenders supervised in large caseloads and low risk offenders supervised in standard caseloads. Also showed was a significant reduction in the number of absconding warrants issued against low risk offenders. In addition to its having no effect on arrest outcomes, low risk supervision also resulted in significantly less resources being used; and low risk offenders in the large caseloads were seen less often in the office, and were sent by their officer to take less drug tests than those in the control group. The significantly reduced rate of resource delivery within the low risk caseloads enables the Philadelphia Adult Probation and Parole Department (APPD) to direct services at high risk offenders who pose the greatest risk and therefore stand to benefit the most from those services. And because those reduced services did not result in any increase in arrests or absconding, APPD can be confident that reduced supervision of low risk offenders poses no significant threat to public safety. Expanding the low risk supervision program across the department allows APPD to free up both officers and resources to supervise high risk offenders in small caseloads. Risk-based stratification of the entire APPD caseload, along with the reallocation of the agency’s resources like drug tests, serves to maximize the impact on public safety while still maintaining the ability to confidently carry out orders of the court in a manner that is both efficient and effective. Tables and figures
  Main Term(s): Caseload management
  Index Term(s): Public safety coordination ; Offender supervision ; Risk management ; Parole supervision ; Pennsylvania
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.