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NCJ Number: NCJ 241081     Find in a Library
Title: Role of Distinct PTSD Symptoms in Intimate Partner Reabuse: A Prospective Study
Journal: Journal of Traumatic Stress  Volume:19  Issue:4  Dated:August 2006  Pages:507 to 516
Author(s): Elizabeth D. Krause ; Stacy Kaltman ; Lisa Goodman ; Mary Ann Dutton
Date Published: 08/2006
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

National Institute of Mental Health
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-WT-VX-0023; 2001-WT-RX 0001;1F32MH071011-1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study of 405 women receiving services as victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) focuses on their experiences of each of four symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and whether that symptom is associated with a woman’s IPV revictimization during a 1-year period.
Abstract: The four PTSD symptoms examined were hyperarousal, re-experiencing, numbing, and avoidance. The study found that the rate of IPV revictimization was 36.7 percent, which is high but consistent with previous studies that used victim reports. The study found that PTSD is but one factor that may increase the likelihood of IPV revictimization over time. It is also determined that the four PTSD symptom clusters did not uniformly influence the risk of revictimization. Although both numbing and hyperarousal were higher at baseline among those subsequently revictimized when entered simultaneously into the final model, only numbing remained a significant predictor of revictimization. In numbing, emotional and reactive behaviors are dulled. The authors offer possible explanations for this connection between numbing and revictimization, but none of the explanations were tested empirically. The severity of prior IPV and the amount of time spent in the violent relationship also predicted IPV revictimization over the course of the study year. In addition, there was an indication that exposure to violence in childhood increased the likelihood of partner revictimization. The authors conclude that the findings show the importance of addressing the PTSD symptom of numbing in treatment as part of the effort to reduce the likelihood of IPV revictimization. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version was administered to the women in assessing PTSD symptoms. 2 tables and 41 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violence
Index Term(s): Domestic assault ; Female victims ; Post-trauma stress disorder ; Treatment techniques ; Domestic assault prevention ; Multiple victimization ; Violence prevention ; NIJ grant-related documents
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263169

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