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NCJ Number: NCJ 241200     Find in a Library
Title: Intimate Partner Violence as an Obstacle to Employment Among Mothers Affected by Welfare Reform
Journal: Journal of Social Issues  Volume:60  Issue:4  Dated:2004  Pages:801 to 818
Author(s): Stephanie Riger ; Susan L. Staggs ; Paul Schewe
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2001-WT-BX-0002
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This longitudinal study examined the role that intimate partner violence has on woman’s ability to obtain gainful employment as required by welfare reform laws.
Abstract: Findings from this study on the role that intimate partner violence (IPV) plays in a woman’s ability to obtain stable employment include the following: while a lifetime history of IPV did not predict work stability, recent violence appeared to be linked to unstable employment; women who were younger when their first child was born, whose family of origin received welfare, and who had more children were more likely to work fewer months and have less stable employment; and women with lower levels of education, training, and work experience had lower levels of stable employment. The primary objective of the study was to determine the extent that past and recent episodes of IPV have on work stability over time, considering the presence of other work-related variables. Data for the study were obtained from the first three waves of a panel study of welfare reform established in Illinois. The sample included 1,899 women who were receiving TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) assistance from the Illinois Department of Human Services. Several factors were analyzed to determine their relationship to employment stability. These included sociodemographic, human capital, health, victimization, and mothering variables. The study’s findings suggest that while several variables play a role in a woman’s ability to obtain stable employment, the presence of IPV may seriously affect this ability. Suggestions for future research are discussed. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Domestic assault
Index Term(s): Violence ; Welfare services ; Employment ; Spouse abuse detection ; Abused women ; Employment-crime relationships ; Victims of violence ; Violence prevention ; NIJ grant-related documents
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263290

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