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NCJ Number: NCJ 241208     Find in a Library
Title: Crimes Committed by Terrorist Groups: Theory, Research, and Prevention
Journal: Trends in Organized Crime  Volume:9  Issue:2  Dated:Winter 2005  Pages:18 to 51
Author(s): Mark S. Hamm ; Cecile Van de Voorde
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2003-DT-CX-0002
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents one part of a three-part study that examined terrorist organizations’ involvement in a variety of criminal activities as an alternative means of support for their terrorist activities.
Abstract: The study involved in this report was organized into three parts: 1) a secondary analysis of the American Terrorism Study (ATS) database comparing the criminality of international jihad groups with domestic right-wing groups; 2) six case studies of crimes committed by international jihad groups and domestic right-wing groups, selected from the ATS database based on frequency distributions of criminal counts filed against the groups; and 3) content analysis of the pervasive themes presented in closing arguments of the transcripts from the court cases identified in part 2 of the study. The main finding from part 1 of the study is that international jihad groups are more likely to commit aircraft and motor-vehicle related crimes, violations of explosive materials, and firearms violations than domestic right-wing groups, whereas domestic right-wing groups are more likely to commit mail fraud, racketeering, robbery/burglary, and violations involving machine guns and destructive devices than international jihad groups. In the second part of the study, the data indicate that the most successful method of detecting and prosecuting cases of terrorism is through the pursuit of conventional criminal investigations. The case studies included in the analysis suggest that the opportunities and skills associated with the criminal successes and failures of the terrorist groups are dependent on historical as well as cultural factors of the various groups. The case study examined in detail in this article discusses Robert Jay Matthews and his involvement with the Aryan Nation. References
Main Term(s): Terrorist profiles
Index Term(s): Deterrence ; Deterrence effectiveness ; International terrorism ; Domestic terrorism ; Arab terrorist groups ; Terrorism prosecution ; Terrorist ideologies ; Supporters of terrorism ; State sponsored terrorism ; NIJ grant-related documents
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263298

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