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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241211     Find in a Library
  Title: Use of Crossover Immunoelectrophoresis to Detect Human Blood Protein in Soil from an Ambush Scene in Kosovo
  Document URL: HTML 
  Author(s): Hugh Tuller, M.A. ; Rebecca Saunders, Ph.D.
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:57  Issue:4  Dated:July 2012  Pages:873 to 879
  Date Published: 07/2012
  Page Count: 7
  Annotation: This study examined the survivability of human blood proteins in soils from a year and a half old ambush scene in Kosovo.
  Abstract: This study examines the survivability of human blood proteins in soils from a year and a half old ambush scene in Kosovo. A total of 72 soil samples were collected, a number of which were directly associated with bone fragments or bullet projectiles. The samples were examined using crossover immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP) to determine the presence of blood protein and species affiliation. Human blood proteins were identified in 44 of the 72 samples (61 percent) with the majority of the positive observations (29 of 44) found 0.0–4.5 cm below ground surface (65 percent). Chi-squared and two-sample difference of proportions tests confirmed significant differences between samples with and without associated physical evidence and the presence and depth of human blood proteins. While DNA has largely replaced immunological analysis in forensic analyses, our results suggest that in particular situations, CIEP may still be a valuable tool in criminology. Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
  Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
  Index Term(s): Crime Scene Investigation ; Blood/body fluid analysis ; Forensic archaeology ; Scientific techniques ; DNA fingerprinting ; Kosovo
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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