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NCJ Number: NCJ 241226     Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol Intoxication May Exacerbate the Effects of Blunt Cranial Trauma Through Changes in Brain Free Magnesium Levels
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Robert Vink, Ph.D. ; Roger W. Byard, M.D.
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:57  Issue:4  Dated:July 2012  Pages:979 to 982
Date Published: 07/2012
Page Count: 4
  Annotation: This paper examines moderate to high levels of alcohol decrease brain intracellular free magnesium concentration, a factor known to be critical in brain injury.
Abstract: Moderate to high levels of alcohol decrease brain intracellular free magnesium concentration, a factor known to be critical in brain injury. Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to examine changes to brain free magnesium concentration after blunt cranial trauma in alcohol-intoxicated rats. Rats exposed acutely or chronically to alcohol sufficient to increase blood alcohol levels to between 150 and 350 mg/dL demonstrated a brain free magnesium level that was 20–50 percent less than in nonintoxicated animals (p less than 0.01). After injury, brain free magnesium levels declined more rapidly and to a greater extent in alcohol-affected animals than in nonintoxicated control animals (p less than 0.001). As both preinjury depletion of magnesium and degree of magnesium decline after brain injury have been associated with poor recovery, these findings suggest that moderate to severe alcohol intoxication may predispose the brain to a worse outcome by reducing brain free magnesium levels, both before and after injury. Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
Index Term(s): Alcohol consumption analysis ; Death investigations ; Blunt force trauma injuries
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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