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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241246     Find in a Library
  Title: Search for Obligatory Paternal Alleles in a DNA Database to Find an Alleged Rapist in a Fatherless Paternity Case
  Document URL: HTML 
  Author(s): Mark Barash, M.S. ; Ayeleth Reshef, M.Sc. ; Lev Voskoboinik, M.Sc. ; Ashira Zamir, M.Sc. ; Uzi Motro, Ph.D. ; Ron Gafny, Ph.D.
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:57  Issue:4  Dated:July 2012  Pages:1098 to 1101
  Date Published: 07/2012
  Page Count: 4
  Annotation: This article investigates the searching of a DNA database for obligatory alleles in a fatherless paternity case.
  Abstract: A sexual assault case resulted in a pregnancy, which was subsequently aborted. The alleged father of the fetus was unknown. Maternal and fetal types were obtained using the 11-locus AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus® kit. The national DNA database was searched for the paternal obligatory alleles and detected two suspects who could not be excluded as father of the male fetus. Additional typing using the AmpFlSTR® Minifiler™ kit, containing three additional autosomal loci, was not sufficient to exclude either suspect. Subsequent typing using the PowerPlex® 16, containing four additional loci, and Y-Filer™ kits resulted in excluding one suspect. Searching a database for paternal obligatory alleles can be fruitful, but is fraught with possible false positive results so that finding a match must be taken as only preliminary evidence. Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
  Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
  Index Term(s): Sexual assault ; Rapists ; DNA fingerprinting ; Databases ; Parentage determination
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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