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NCJ Number: NCJ 241246     Find in a Library
Title: Search for Obligatory Paternal Alleles in a DNA Database to Find an Alleged Rapist in a Fatherless Paternity Case
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:57  Issue:4  Dated:July 2012  Pages:1098 to 1101
Author(s): Mark Barash, M.S. ; Ayeleth Reshef, M.Sc. ; Lev Voskoboinik, M.Sc. ; Ashira Zamir, M.Sc. ; Uzi Motro, Ph.D. ; Ron Gafny, Ph.D.
Date Published: 07/2012
Page Count: 4
Document: HTML 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article investigates the searching of a DNA database for obligatory alleles in a fatherless paternity case.
Abstract: A sexual assault case resulted in a pregnancy, which was subsequently aborted. The alleged father of the fetus was unknown. Maternal and fetal types were obtained using the 11-locus AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus® kit. The national DNA database was searched for the paternal obligatory alleles and detected two suspects who could not be excluded as father of the male fetus. Additional typing using the AmpFlSTR® Minifiler™ kit, containing three additional autosomal loci, was not sufficient to exclude either suspect. Subsequent typing using the PowerPlex® 16, containing four additional loci, and Y-Filer™ kits resulted in excluding one suspect. Searching a database for paternal obligatory alleles can be fruitful, but is fraught with possible false positive results so that finding a match must be taken as only preliminary evidence. Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
Index Term(s): Sexual assault ; Rapists ; DNA fingerprinting ; Databases ; Parentage determination
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263336

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