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NCJ Number: NCJ 241285     Find in a Library
Title: Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adults Who Had Been Abused and Neglected as Children: A 30-Year Prospective Study
Journal: American Journal of Public Health  Volume:91  Issue:S1  Dated:2009  Pages:S197 to S203
Author(s): Helen W. Wilson Ph.D. ; Cathy Spatz Widom Ph.D.
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Health and Human Services
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
United States of America

National Institute on Drug Abuse
United States of America

National Institute of Mental Health
United States of America

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
United States of America

Doris Duke Charitable Foundation
United States of America
Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-0031; 89-IJ-CX-0007; 86-IJ-CX-0033;HD40774;DA17842;DA10060;MH58386;MH49467;AA09238;AA11108
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This longitudinal study examined rates of sexually transmitted diseases in adults who had been abused and neglected as children.
Abstract: This study on rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in adults who had been abused and neglected as children found that adults who were victims of childhood sexual abuse had an increased risk for any sexually transmitted disease, and an increased risk for more than one type of sexually transmitted disease, while adults who were victims of childhood physical abuse were at an increased risk for more than one type of STDs. This study examined the rate of STDs in adult survivors of childhood abuse and neglect to determine whether four factors increased the risk of exposure to STDs. These factors included direct exposure to STDs through child sexual abuse, increased rates of risky sexual behavior among victims of sexual abuse, earlier initiation of sexual activity, and sexual activity with riskier partners. Data for the study were obtained from a sample of maltreated children, age 0 to 11 years old between 1967 and 1971, that was compared to a control group of children who did not have a documented history of abuse and neglect. The children were followed into adulthood and information on lifetime history of STDs was collected as part of a medical status examination conducted when the participants were approximately 41 years old. The data was analyzed to determine the extent of STDs among the cohort of adults who were abused as children. The findings suggest that childhood maltreatment, specifically sexual and physical abuse, increases the risk for STDs later in life, and that early screenings and interventions are needed to identify STDS among child abuse victims. Study limitations are discussed. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Sexual assault ; Sexual assault victims ; Family intervention programs ; Sexually abused adolescents ; Adults molested as children ; Sexually transmitted diseases ; Long term health effects of child abuse ; NIJ grant-related documents
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263375

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