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NCJ Number: NCJ 241290     Find in a Library
Title: Youth Violence Crime or Self-Help? Marginalized Urban Males' Perspectives on the Limited Efficacy of the Criminal Justice System to Stop Youth Violence
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Deanna L. Wilkinson ; Chauncey C. Beaty ; Regina M. Lurry
  Journal: ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science  Volume:623  Issue:1  Dated:May 2009  Pages:25 to 38
Date Published: 05/2009
Page Count: 14
  Annotation: This article uses Black’s theory as a framework to assess the role of violence among African-American male youth in disadvantaged urban communities in New York City.
Abstract: In 1983, sociologist Donald Black proposed the theory of “Crime as Social Control,” in which he argued that for the socially disadvantaged, crime is commonly moralistic and can be characterized as self-help in the pursuit of justice when legal protection fails. This article uses Black’s theory as a framework to assess the role of violence among African-American male youth in disadvantaged urban communities in New York City. Using in-depth interview data for 416 young violent male offenders, the authors analyze youths’ perspectives on their personal safety; access to legal, governmental, and communal protection from violence; the effectiveness of the criminal justice system and police in addressing crime and violence in their neighborhoods; and the need to rely on self- and group/gang-protection as a means of social control. The implications for self-help theory are discussed. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Young juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Violence ; Black/African Americans ; Theory ; Social control ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: XIJ-2006-0-04
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263380

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