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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241336     Find in a Library
  Title: Perceived AIDS Risk Among Adult Arrestees Injection Drug Users in Los Angeles County
  Author(s): Kevin D. Henson ; Douglas Longshore ; Mark R. Kowalewski ; M. Douglas Anglin ; Kiku Annon
  Journal: AIDS Education and Prevention  Volume:10  Issue:5  Dated:1998  Pages:447 to 464
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 18
  Annotation: This study examined factors that influenced perceptions of risk for getting HIV and AIDS among adult arrestees in Los Angeles who reported a history of injection drug use (IDU).
  Abstract: Despite high overall rates of risk due to sexual and drug-use behavior, only 20 percent of the sample (191 arrestees) believed that they were at greater risk for HIV and AIDs than the general population. Further, when IDUs engaged in specific risk behaviors compared with drug users who did not, perceived risk in several instances were apparently not reflective of actual behavior. Although the interpretation of these findings is difficult because some important questions cannot be answered with the data set, still the authors believe several practical implications can be drawn for HIV and AIDS intervention and prevention efforts. First, HIV intervention should focus on the entire spectrum of sexual behavior and drug-use risks among IDUs. The authors also recommend that HIV and AIDS education be tailored to individual users through a personalized risk assessment, risk profile, and other methods. This strategy has proven to increase users’ perception of AIDS risk. Personalized risk assessment may have more impact on clients when delivered by peer educators, especially those who have HIV or AIDS. Also, HIV and AIDS educators and outreach workers must understand the risk of HIV and AIDS within the context of the many risks (e.g., arrest, victimization, and withdrawal) which IDUs must manage in their daily lives. Thus, achieving changes in HIV-related risk behavior is asking IDUs to reassess and reprioritize their risks. The sample consisted of 958 arrestees drawn from the Drug Use Forecasting program (60 percent male and 40 percent female). Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between perceived risk and a variety of demographic, behavioral, and psychosocial variables. 3 tables and 105 references
  Main Term(s): Drug use
  Index Term(s): Sexual behavior ; Risk taking behavior ; Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) ; AIDS/HIV transmission ; Attitudes toward AIDS ; NIJ grant-related documents ; California
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

National Institute on Drug Abuse
United States of America

University AIDS Research Program
Office of Health Affairs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 88-IJ-CX-K005; 89-IJ-CX-R-007;91-DD-R-016;93-IJ-R024;DA05589;DA00146;DAO7272
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: A previous version of this paper was presented at the 1994 annual meeting of the Amercian Sociological Association.
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