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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241337     Find in a Library
  Title: Effect of Children's Presence On Alcohol Use By Spouse Abusers and Their Victims
  Author(s): Ira W. Hutchison
  Journal: Family Relations  Volume:48  Issue:1  Dated:1999  Pages:57 to 65
  Date Published: 1999
  Page Count: 9
  Annotation: This study examined whether children being present when spousal abuse occurred was related to alcohol use by spouse abusers and victims at the time of the abuse.
  Abstract: Of the 650 cases examined, 66.8 percent had at least one of their own children living in the home. This percentage increased to 71.1 percent if step-children, grandchildren, nieces, nephews, brothers, and sisters were included. Based on this sample of women who had called the police, the data indicate that the presence of children had relatively little impact on the drinking behavior of offenders and victims at the time of an abusive incident. When demographic variables and the presence of children were controlled, there was a somewhat lower probability of drinking by males with children present; however, among those who do drink, lower income White males consumed more alcohol when children were present. Among abused women, children’s presence was not associated with a lower likelihood of drinking when demographic variables were controlled, although there was a tendency in this direction for both the probability of drinking and the amount consumed. Male drinking, coupled with abusiveness, was far higher than for females, regardless of the presence of children. Children who grow up in families where alcohol is part of normal family patterns coupled with aggression and violence, there is a risk for a child’s subsequent problem behavior, including alcohol abuse and violent behavior. Data were obtained from both police reports and through interviews with domestic assault victims. The description of the study’s methodology includes a sample profile, alcohol measures, and the measure of children present. Statistical analysis included bivariate cross-tabulations for the three categorical variables (drinking, relative alcohol consumption, and drunk at incidents) and analysis of difference between means (number of drinks consumed at incident). 3 tables and 70 references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
  Index Term(s): Alcohol consumption analysis ; Domestic assault ; Alcohol-crime relationship ; Children at risk ; Domestic violence causes ; Children of alcoholics ; Children of battered women ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-K004
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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