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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 241338     Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol, Fear, and Woman Abuse
Author(s): Ira W. Hutchison
  Journal: Sex Roles  Volume:40  Issue:11/12  Dated:1999  Pages:893 to 920
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 28
  Annotation: As part of a larger study of the police response to domestic physical abuse, 419 female victims of male offenders participated in interviews for the purpose of determining the role of substance use in inducing fear in victims.
Abstract: The study found that the male partners of the women in this sample were heavy drinkers compared to a national sample; however, the quantity and frequency of alcohol use was less predictive of threatening or physical assault on female partners than was male drunkenness. Frequent drunkenness correlated significantly with both threats and physical assaults. The victims’ fear of their partners was more strongly associated with the frequency of the partners’ drunkenness than with the consumption of alcohol itself. Considering the high rates of drinking among men in this sample, it could be argued that the probability of physical abuse in a given drinking episode is relatively low; daily drinking does not predict daily assaults on the partner. Drunken behavior, on the other hand, leads to unpredictable behavior, which is a major contributor to fear. The author advises that although women are powerless over their partner’s drinking to the level of intoxication, they need not live in fear if sufficient support is available. The data were collected as part of a spouse assault study in Charlotte, NC. A total of 646 eligible cases entered the study during the data collection phase. All of these were initiated by a call to the police for help due to an abusive incident. Interviews were obtained in 419 of the 646 cases assigned for interview. Various instruments were used to assess drinking of both perpetrators and victims of abuse as well as abuse history. Questions were posed to determine victim’s fear in various circumstances. 7 tables, 1 figure, and 85 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Drunkenness ; Alcohol consumption analysis ; Fear of crime ; Alcohol-Related Offenses ; Victim-offender relationships ; Domestic assault ; Alcohol abuse ; Psychological victimization effects ; Drunk offenders ; Female victims ; Domestic violence causes ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-K004
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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