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NCJ Number: NCJ 241340     Find in a Library
Title: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Abused and Neglected Children Grown Up
Author(s): Cathy Spatz Widom Ph.D.
  Journal: American Journal of Psychiatry  Volume:156  Issue:8  Dated:1999  Pages:1223 to 1229
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 7
  Annotation: This study examined the extent to which childhood abuse and neglect increased the risk for subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 1,196 victims of substantiated child abuse and neglect from 1967 to 1971 in a Midwestern metropolitan county; and it determined whether the childhood victimization link to PTSD persisted despite controls for family, individual, and lifestyle characteristics associated with both childhood victimization and PTSD.
Abstract: The study determined that individuals abused and/or neglected in childhood had an increased risk for lifetime and current PTSD. Of those victimized by sexual abuse in childhood, 37.5 percent met DSM-III-R criteria for lifetime PTSD; the same was true for 32.7 percent of those physically abused and 30.6 percent of victims of childhood neglect. The association between childhood victimization and number of PTSD symptoms persisted despite the introduction of covariates associated with risk for both. Although victims of childhood abuse (sexual and physical) and neglect were at increased risk for developing PTSD, such victimization was not a sufficient explanation for PTSD symptoms. Family, individual, and lifestyle variables also put individuals at increased risk for PTSD symptoms. Future research will examine the extent of comorbidity of psychiatric disorders in these abused and neglected children and comparison subjects, including an analysis of the temporal ordering of the symptoms of the disorder. A sample of non-abused and non-neglected children was matched with the sample of abused and neglected children on age, race, sex, and approximate family socioeconomic class. Both samples were monitored into young adulthood. Participants were administered a 2-hour interview that included an assessment for PTSD using the National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule. 3 tables and 43 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Psychological victimization effects ; Post-trauma stress disorder ; Adults molested as children ; Long term health effects of child abuse ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

National Institute of Mental Health
United States of America
Grant Number: 86-IJ-CX-0033;89-IJ-CX-0007;MH-49467
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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