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NCJ Number: NCJ 241383     Find in a Library
Title: Disproportionate Exposure to Early-Life Adversity and Sexual Orientation Disparities in Psychiatric Morbidity
Author(s): Katie A. McLaughlin ; Mark L. Hatzenbuehler ; Ziming Xuan ; Kerith J. Conron
  Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:36  Issue:9  Dated:September 2012  Pages:645 to 655
Date Published: 09/2012
Page Count: 11
  Annotation: This study examined whether rates of child abuse, homelessness, and intimate partner violence were higher among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth relative to heterosexual youth.
Abstract: Findings from this study on rates of abuse, homelessness and intimate partner violence among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth include the following: lesbian and gay youth were at greater risk for exposure to child abuse and homelessness, while bisexual youth were at greater risk of exposure to child abuse, homelessness, and intimate partner violence (IPV), relative to heterosexual youth; and higher rates of exposure to child abuse, homelessness, and IPV explained between 10 and 20 percent of the higher rates of suicidality, depression, tobacco use, and symptoms of alcohol and drug abuse among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths compared to heterosexuals. This study examined whether rates of child abuse, housing adversity, and IPV were higher among a sample of LGB youth relative to heterosexual youth. Data for the study were obtained from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Wave 3. The sample of youth included 227 gay/lesbian youth, 245 bisexual youth, and 13,490 heterosexual youth. The data was analyzed to determine the relationship between LGB youths’ exposure to these adversities and symptoms of psychopathology among these youth. The findings suggest that exposure to victimization, particularly child abuse, homelessness, and exposure to IPV in adolescence can partially explain the higher rates of mental health and substance use outcomes among LGB youth. Study limitations are discussed. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Abused-nonabused child comparisons
Index Term(s): Homosexuality ; Child abuse ; Victimization ; Domestic assault ; Child abuse as delinquency factor ; Juvenile suicide ; Risk taking behavior ; Juvenile mental health services ; Child abuse prevention ; Domestic violence causes ; Suicide causes ; Adolescents at risk ; Bisexuality ; Long term health effects of child abuse
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
United States of America

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
United States of America
Grant Number: P01-HD3192;MH092526
Publisher URL: 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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