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NCJ Number: NCJ 241424     Find in a Library
Title: Increasing Impaired-Driving Enforcement Visibility: Six Case Studies
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): James C. Fell ; A. Scott McKnight ; Amy Auld-Owens
Corporate Author: Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Underage Drinking Enforcement Training Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 02/2013
Page Count: 144
  Annotation: This National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) document provides information about impaired-driving enforcement programs that emphasize or increase visibility to the public.
Abstract: The solutions to impaired driving lie mainly at the State and community levels. That is where the laws are applied and enforced, where programs are implemented, and where changes can be made. State and community leaders need countermeasure strategies that can increase the perceived risk of drivers being stopped and arrested by law enforcement if driving while impaired. Among the most successful strategies is the coupling of intense and highly visible enforcement with publicity about the enforcement campaign. The focus of this enforcement strategy is to deter driving after drinking in the first place by increasing the public’s perception of being caught, arrested, and prosecuted for impaired driving (a general deterrent strategy). Details of 17 highly visible impaired-driving enforcement programs were compiled and submitted to the NHTSA for review. After a thorough review of numerous potential program sites, NHTSA selected seven programs for case studies. These case studies provide descriptions of innovative strategies to increase enforcement visibility, such as: visibly marked trailers and patrol cars (“DUI Enforcement”); large warning signs at the entrances to checkpoints or saturation patrol areas; enforcement at key locations and events (e.g., large sporting events); happy-hour checkpoints or other enforcement conducted between 4 p.m. and 7 p.m.; phantom checkpoints set up to resemble an active checkpoint; visible use of preliminary breath testers; and safety vests marked with “DUI Enforcement.” Tables, appendixes, and references
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
Index Term(s): Highway safety ; Public safety coordination ; Driver road check ; National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ; State highway patrol agencies ; Drunk driver programs
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Admin
United States of America
Grant Number: DTNH22-06-D-00035
Publication Number: DOT HS 811 716
Sale Source: US Dept of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Admin
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
West Building
Washington, DC 20590
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Case Study
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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