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NCJ Number: NCJ 241489    
Title: Youth Justice in Great Britain (From Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives, P 21-183, 2004, Michael Tonry and Anthony N. Doob, eds. - See NCJ-241487)
Author(s): Anthony Bottoms ; James Dignan
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 163
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter discusses the diffences in the English and Scottish youth justice systems.
Abstract: The English and Scottish youth justice systems share a commitment to preventive as opposed to retributive goals, but pursue them in sharply contrasting ways. In Scotland, a unified welfare-based system, committed to the prevention of harm to children, encompasses children who offend and children in social jeopardy. It uniquely and radically separates functions between the courts as factual and legal arbiters and children's hearings as treatment tribunals. A correctionalist system, committed to the prevention of offending, has emerged in England. It repudiates earlier views that young offenders should be left to "grow out of crime" with minimal state intervention. Subsidiary goals include responsibilization (of offenders and parents), reparation, and case-processing efficiency. It is characterized by much institutional innovation, including introduction of multiagency youth offending teams. This "joined up" approach stops short of encompassing "care" and "offense" cases within the same jurisdiction as Scotland does. The systems' philosophical differences are reflected in many contrasting operational practices. Political devolution in Scotland has introduced turbulence into the Scottish system; that and the newness of the English system make it difficult to predict future developments. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Juvenile justice policies ; England ; Scotland
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263579

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