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NCJ Number: NCJ 241491    
Title: Youth Justice in New Zealand (From Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives, P 243-292, 2004, Michael Tonry and Anthony N. Doob, eds. - See NCJ-241497)
Author(s): Allison Morris
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 50
  Annotation: This chapter presents an overview of New Zealand's Children, Young Persons and Their Families Act 1989 and family group conferences.
Abstract: The Children, Young Persons and Their Families Act 1989 incorporated family group conferences into New Zealand's youth justice system. Though not premised on restorative justice ideas, New Zealand's system is broadly compatible with them. Alleged offenders under age 14 may not be criminally prosecuted (except for murder or manslaughter), and offenders from 14 to 17 years old must be referred to a family group conference either before formal charges or before sentencing. Conferences include the offender and family members, the victim and supporters, and others and are chaired by a youth justice coordinator (often these are social workers). Outcomes must be accepted by all participants. Offenders, their families, and victims are more satisfied with conferences than with justice system processes. Victims are least satisfied, however, and least willing to participate. Implementation failures may partly explain this. Court referral rates and institutional placements have fallen sharply. Reconviction data are tentative, but offenders' positive conferencing experiences may predict lower recidivism. Some police remain negative or skeptical. Recent government decisions to build youth penal facilities and rely more heavily on actuarial risk prediction may be inconsistent with conferencing. Overall, though, accomplishments have been substantial, and the future looks promising. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Juvenile codes ; Juvenile justice policies ; Family conferencing ; New Zealand ; Restorative Justice
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher URL: 
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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