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NCJ Number: NCJ 241500    
Title: Ethnic Differences in Intergenerational Crime Patterns (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 32, P 59-129, 2005, Michael Tonry, ed. – See NCJ-241498)
Author(s): David J. Smith
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 71
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter examines the factors that have led to differing intergenerational crime patterns for various ethnic groups in England and Wales.
Abstract: Some disadvantaged minority groups in Western countries have elevated rates of crime. Others do not. The experience of diverse minority groups in England and Wales, primarily postcolonial migrants since World War II, provides a case study. The highest levels of poverty and disadvantage occur among Bangladeshis and Pakistanis, and the lowest among Indians and African Asians. Afro-Caribbeans have achieved middling levels of prosperity. Crime rates in the first generation appear to have been low among all of these groups. They rose sharply in the second generation among Afro-Caribbeans but not among the South Asian groups. One reason for this divergence was the legacy of slavery, which led to rapid changes in the Afro-Caribbean family after migration that loosened constraints on crime and antisocial behavior. Another was their British cultural inheritance, which led Afro-Caribbean migrants to expect more from British people and to interact with them more freely. This outgoing style of life led to frequent experiences of rejection. Young Afro-Caribbeans responded by finding a positive source of identity in rebellion against White authority, leading to elevated crime rates. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Crime patterns
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns ; Criminal career patterns ; Race-crime relationships ; Race ; England ; Wales
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263590

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