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NCJ Number: NCJ 241526     Find in a Library
Title: Who Are the Gangsters?: An Examination of the Age, Race/Ethnicity, Sex, and Immigration Status of Self-Reported Gang Members in a Seven-City Study of American Youth
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:28  Issue:4  Dated:November 2012  Pages:465 to 481
Author(s): Finn-Aage Esbensen ; Dena C. Carson
Date Published: 11/2012
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2006-JV-FX-0011
Document: HTML 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article replicates Esbensen and Winfree’s research by examining the sex and racial/ethnic characteristics of self-reported gang members in a seven-city study.
Abstract: Fifteen years ago, Esbensen and Winfree published an article in which they challenged the stereotypical image of gang members, specifically with regard to race/ethnicity and sex. In the ensuing years, a number of other publications have reported findings similar to those reported by Esbensen and Winfree, especially with regard to the sex composition of American youth gangs. Studies from Europe have also reported gang member demographic characteristics similar to those reported in the United States. The current article replicates Esbensen and Winfree’s research by examining the sex and racial/ethnic characteristics of self-reported gang members in a seven-city study. In addition, the article explores these characteristics across 5 years of data, examining the extent to which gang member demographics remain constant as youth age. Furthermore, given the attention to immigration, the article also assesses the extent to which gang membership is linked to immigration status. More important, the article also explores the extent to which offending rates vary by these demographic characteristics of the gang and nongang youth. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Ethnic groups ; Male female offender comparisons ; Juvenile delinquent demographic data ; Self-report studies ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Gender ; Race
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263616

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