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NCJ Number: NCJ 241652     Find in a Library
Title: Role of Lifestyle and Personal Characteristics on Fear of Victimization among University Students
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Daniel R. Lee ; Carly M. Hilinski-Rosick
  Journal: American Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:37  Issue:4  Dated:Winter 2012  Pages:647 to 668
Date Published: 2012
Page Count: 22
  Annotation: This investigation examined the relationship that situational and personal characteristics have with college and university student's fear of crime and victimization.
Abstract: The fear of crime has been both theoretically and empirically connected to a complex relationship of situational context (e.g., time of day, location) and personal characteristics (e.g., age, race, gender, personal and vicarious victimization). Building off of routine activities and lifestyle-exposure theory, this research extends the understanding of these relationships by examining the impact of lifestyle activities (e.g., consumption of alcohol, illicit drugs, and time away from residence) and personal characteristics (e.g., direct and vicarious victimization) on the fear of various crimes across temporal situations, among a sample of college and university students. The results indicate that fear of crime varies by crime type and that certain demographic and lifestyle characteristics and experiences with victimization affect students’ fear of crime. Although no evidence was found to suggest that fear of theft varies by temporal context (i.e., during the day or at night), certain characteristics, such as gender, perceived risk, and avoidance behaviors, have varying relationships with fear of violent crimes when considering time of day. The findings suggest that future research should examine more critically the relationship that lifestyles, personality, gender, and time of day have with the fear of crime. Abstract published by arrangement with Springer.
Main Term(s): Victimization
Index Term(s): Students ; Fear of crime ; University or college dormitories ; Routine activity theory
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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