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NCJ Number: NCJ 241688     Find in a Library
Title: Protective Factors for Youth Exposed to Violence: Role of Developmental Assets in Building Emotional Resilience
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Sonia Jain ; Stephen L. Buka ; S. V. Subramanian ; Beth E. Molnar
  Journal: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:2012  Pages:107 to 129
Date Published: 2012
Page Count: 23
  Annotation: There is compelling evidence that many youth exposed to community violence manage to adapt successfully over time.
Abstract: There is compelling evidence that many youth exposed to community violence manage to adapt successfully over time. Developmental assets have been deemed salient for positive youth development, though limited longitudinal studies have examined their relevance for high-risk youth. Using the Developmental Assets framework, the authors test whether supportive relationships, high expectations, and opportunities build emotional resilience directly or indirectly via interaction with risk. Further, the authors examine the effect of neighborhood collective efficacy on resilience. The authors use multiwave data from 1,166 youth aged 11–16 years and data about their neighborhoods from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN). Generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to examine whether baseline protective factors in subjects’ home, peer, and neighborhood environments predicted log odds of emotional resilience at Waves 2 and 3 among youth ETV. Over 7 years, 60–85 percent were emotionally resilient. Positive peers and supportive relationships with parents and other adults had significant main effects. Positive peers and family support were particularly protective for witnesses and victims. Structured activities and collective efficacy influenced change in resilience differentially among ETV groups. Strengths-based policies and systems should focus on building developmental assets within the family, peer, and community environments for high-risk youth who have been exposed to violence (ETV). Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Exposure to Violence
Index Term(s): Mental health ; Environmental influences ; Parent-Child Relations ; Violence prevention ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institutes of Health
US Dept of Health, and Human Services
United States of America

National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
United States of America

Maternal and Child Health Bureau
United States of America
Grant Number: 2009-IJ-CX-0103;2T76MC00001-51;R49/CCR115279-04;NHLBI 1 K25 HL081275
Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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