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NCJ Number: NCJ 241693     Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Neighborhood Context on Youth Violence and Delinquency: Does Gender Matter?
Journal: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:2012  Pages:64 to 82
Author(s): Abigail A. Fagan ; Emily M. Wright
Date Published: 2012
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2009-IJ-CX-0043
Document: HTML 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effects of neighborhood structural and social characteristics on offending among girls and boys aged 8–17 residing in 80 Chicago neighborhoods.
Abstract: This study examined the effects of neighborhood structural and social characteristics on offending among girls and boys aged 8–17 residing in 80 Chicago neighborhoods. The results demonstrated gender differences in contextual effects, although not in ways predicted by social disorganization theory. Collective efficacy and concentrated disadvantage were not significantly associated with self-reported offending among males. Among females, collective efficacy was related to higher rates of general delinquency and violence, while disadvantage reduced the likelihood of self-reported violence. These outcomes suggest that neighborhoods may impact individual offending in complex ways and highlight the importance of considering gender when researching contextual effects on youth offending. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Youthful offenders
Index Term(s): Violence ; Social conditions ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Illinois ; Gender ; Neighborhood
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263784

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