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NCJ Number: NCJ 241701     Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Self-Efficacy: Exploring the Correlates and Consequences of a “Successful Criminal” Identity
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Timothy Brezina ; Volkan Topalli
  Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:39  Issue:8  Dated:August 2012  Pages:1042 to 1062
Date Published: 08/2012
Page Count: 21
  Annotation: Self-efficacy refers to the belief that one can perform successfully at a given task or endeavor.
Abstract: Self-efficacy refers to the belief that one can perform successfully at a given task or endeavor. Previous research indicates that self-efficacy in relation to conventional pursuits (e.g., performance in school) is associated with positive social adjustment. However, the possibility that individuals may develop self-efficacy in relation to nonconventional pursuits—including crime and delinquency—remains largely unexplored. In this study, the authors adopt a multimethod approach to explore (a) offenders’ personal judgments regarding their level of effectiveness or “success” at crime, (b) the factors that contribute to high criminal self-efficacy, and (c) the impact of self-efficacy judgments on offenders’ future intentions. Results of quantitative and qualitative analyses reveal that many offenders maintain a strong sense of criminal efficacy despite past arrests, convictions, and incarceration. Moreover, criminal self-efficacy tends to reduce their intentions to desist from crime. Implications for punishment, deterrence, and criminological theory are discussed. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Punishment ; Deterrence ; Crime causes theory ; Recidivism causes
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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