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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241718     Find in a Library
  Title: Salivary a-Amylase and Intended Harsh Caregiving in Response to Infant Crying: Evidence for Physiological Hyperreactivity
  Document URL: HTML 
  Author(s): Dorothee Out ; Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg ; Johannes van Pelt ; Marinus H. Van IJzendoorn
  Journal: Child Maltreatment  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:November 2012  Pages:295 to 305
  Date Published: 11/2012
  Page Count: 11
  Annotation: This study examined the association between adults' physiological and intended caregiving responses to infant crying.
  Abstract: This is the first study on adults’ physiological reactivity to infant cry sounds and the association with intended harsh parenting using salivary a-amylase (sAA) as a novel and noninvasive marker of autonomic nervous system activity. The sample consisted of 184 adult twin pairs. In an experimental design, cry sounds were presented and adults’ perception and their intended caregiving responses were measured. Saliva samples were collected after each cry sound. For the majority of the sample, a decrease in sAA across the cry paradigm was observed. However, adults who indicated that they would respond in a harsh way to the crying infant were significantly less likely to show a decrease in sAA. Consistent with previous studies on physiological hyperreactivity in abusive parents, these findings suggest that failure to habituate to repeated infant crying may be one of the mediating mechanisms through which excessive, inconsolable, and high-pitched infant crying triggers less optimal caregiving. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
  Main Term(s): Child abuse
  Index Term(s): Mental defectives ; Perception ; Abusing parents ; Emotional Abuse/Harm ; Infant (0-4)
  Sponsoring Agency: Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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