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NCJ Number: NCJ 241822    
Title: Past, Present, and Future of Violent Crime Federalism (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 34, P 377-439, 2006, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-241816)
Author(s): Daniel Richman
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 63
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Historical Overview ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This essay examines the history of Federal, State, and local relations in the activity of violent crime.
Abstract: The history of the Federal involvement in violent crime frequently is told as one of entrepreneurial or opportunistic action by presidential administrations and Congress. The problem with this story, however, is that it treats State and local governments as objects of Federal initiatives, not as independent agents. Appreciating that State and local governments courted and benefited from the Federal interest is important for understanding the past two decades, but also for understanding the institutional strains created by the absolute priority the feds have given to counterterrorism since September 11, 2001. Intergovernmental relations are at a cross roads. For two decades, the net costs of the Federal interaction with State and local governments on crime have been absorbed nationally, with the benefits felt locally. The Federal commitment to terrorism prevention and the roles Federal authorities envision for State and local agencies portend a very different dynamic, with reduced Federal funding for policing and an inherent tension between domestic intelligence collection and street crime enforcement, particularly in urban areas with a high proportion of immigrants. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Jurisdiction ; Violent crimes ; Legislation ; State laws ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Intergovernmental relations ; Counter-terrorism tactics ; Counter-terrorism intelligence ; Federal legislation
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263983

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