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NCJ Number: NCJ 241882    
Title: Comparative Penology in Perspective (From Crime, Punishment, and Politics in Comparative Perspective, P 49-91, 2007, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-241880)
Author(s): Jean-Paul Brodeur
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 43
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This essay discusses comparative penology.
Abstract: Punishment was initially viewed as a moral event, implying that the condemned person was redeemed from status as a delinquent member of society through his or her punishment. This redeeming aspect of punishment was superseded by a penal instrumentalism that transformed a penal sanction into an indefinite process never reaching its end. Comparisons of prison rates between various countries show that they do not directly vary in proportion to external factors such as crime rates. They also suggest that crime rates may affect prison rates through their affective resonance rather than their quantum and that penal policies take a different meaning depending on what they are compared to. Stability of imprisonment rates in Canada results from its traditions of multiculturalism and minority empowerment and by the Canadian consensus for distancing the country from the punitive excess of its American neighbor. Finland's declining crime rates show that countries may change their penal policies by comparing themselves to their neighbors. Breaking down a country's isolation may be a condition for changing its penal policies. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Punishment ; Effects of imprisonment ; Incarceration and Imprisonment ; Sentencing reform ; Cross cultural comparisons ; Canada ; Finland
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264044

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