skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 241884    
  Title: Penal Policy and Practice in Belgium (From Crime, Punishment, and Politics in Comparative Perspective, P 127-215, 2007, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-241880)
  Author(s): Sonja Snacken
  Date Published: 2007
  Page Count: 89
  Annotation: This essay examines use of pretrial detention and long prison sentences in Belgium.
  Abstract: Belgian imprisonment rates increased from 65 to 95 per 100,000 population in the past quarter century, and the use of pretrial detention and long prison sentences increased. Notorious crimes, most prominently the Dutroux case, produced mass demonstrations, and a right-wing political party repeatedly urged harsher policies. In contrast to the United States and England, however, and although criminal justice policy became more politicized, Belgium did not adopt primarily expressive crime policies. Instead, a process of bifurcation resulted in expansion of prosecutorial diversions, prison alternatives, mediation, and restorative justice initiatives for less serious offenses, and longer sentences for the most serious offenses. The main political parties continued to adopt pragmatic positions and balanced policies. Belgian policymakers continued to rely on expert advice; the emergence of a victims movement did not polarize the politics of crime control, and the influence of the human rights movement, embodied particularly in the European Convention and Court of Human Rights, steadily grew. (Published Abstract)
  Main Term(s): Corrections policies
  Index Term(s): Incarceration and Imprisonment ; Prosecutorial diversion ; Comparative analysis ; Political influences ; Alternatives to institutionalization ; History of corrections ; Foreign correctional systems ; Belgium ; Restorative Justice
  Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
  Publisher URL: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
  Type: Historical Overview ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264046

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.