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NCJ Number: NCJ 241890    
Title: Pardons and Amnesties as Policy Instruments in Contemporary France (From Crime, Punishment, and Politics in Comparative Perspective, P 551-590, 2007, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-241880)
Author(s): Rene Levy
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 40
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Pardons and amnesties, once considered exceptional in contemporary France, have become routinized policy instruments aimed at reducing prison overcrowding.
Abstract: All legal systems have clemency measures. These include statutes of limitation, legal restoration of rights, pardons, and amnesties. Pardons and amnesties, once considered exceptional in contemporary France, have become routinized policy instruments aimed at reducing prison overcrowding. In the past in France, amnesties were used as an instrument of national reconciliation after political crises; they are now a regular feature of presidential elections, aimed at ordinary crimes. Pardons, formerly conceived as discretionary decisions by the head of state, are not extended annually to entire categories of offenders. Thousands of inmates benefit from early release, whereas others never serve their sentences. There is no widespread political or media controversy. Reasons include the subordinate place of courts in French constitutional tradition, the dominant principle of individualization of punishment, widespread political consensus on the evil of imprisonment, and the benefit many people received from clemency measures, especially for parking offenses. Nevertheless, clemency increasingly tends to be restrictive, with new categories of offenses excluded, for reasons of political consistency or because a specific crime has received media attention. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Pardon ; Political influences ; Amnesty ; France
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264052

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