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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241906     Find in a Library
  Title: Juvenile Justice at a Crossroads: The Future of Senate Bill 81 in California
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Noor Dawood
  Corporate Author: Prison Law Office
United States of America
  Date Published: 01/2009
  Page Count: 53
  Annotation: This study examined how California counties are adapting to the statutory changes mandated under the State’s Senate Bill 81 (SB 81), enacted in 2007, which sets rigid eligibility requirements for committing youth to the State juvenile justice authority while channeling State resources to county-run juvenile justice systems; and recommendations are offered for improving counties’ implementation of SB 81.
  Abstract: SB 81 challenges counties to develop local alternatives for youth who are no longer eligible for commitment to the State’s Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) and to make comprehensive system improvements. In addressing these challenges, counties should adhere to basic criteria for successful juvenile justice development. This includes using local data to support the development of new programs and services, as well as tracking outcomes for new strategies. In addition, counties must institute programs and services whose principles are consistent with research on effective and cost-efficient juvenile justice practices. The State’s role in these county efforts is to provide structure and oversight for the process. Unfortunately, SB 81 fails to provide for adequate mechanisms for State funding and technical assistance that could help counties in implementing the provisions of SB 81. Counties’ reported application of the 2007-2008 Youthful Offender Block Grant (YOBG) program indicates a commitment to improve treatment and basic services intended to meet the diverse needs of youth and their families. Mental health and substance abuse service improvements are addressed in counties’ reported expenditures, as are improvements in aftercare services, staff training, evidence-based programming, and risk and needs assessment tools. There are some troubling findings, however, regarding expenditures and planned reforms in the counties. Perhaps the most inadequate area of SB 81 implementation to date has been county accommodations for DJJ youth who are returned to local jurisdictions in accordance with SB 81. Thirteen recommendations are offered. Appended provisions of SB 81, 2007-2008 YOBG expenditures, and reported regional plans
  Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform
  Index Term(s): State laws ; Funding sources ; Intergovernmental relations ; Juvenile justice policies ; California ; County
  Sale Source: Prison Law Office
San Quentin, CA 94964
United States of America
  Type: Historical Overview ; Legislation/Policy Description ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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