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NCJ Number: NCJ 241945     Find in a Library
Title: Investigating Friendship Quality: An Exploration of Self-Control and Social Control Theories’ Friendship Hypotheses
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:41  Issue:11  Dated:November 2012  Pages:1526 to 1540
Author(s): John H. Boman, IV ; Marvin D. Krohn ; Chris L. Gibson ; John M. Stogner
Date Published: 11/2012
Page Count: 15
Document: HTML 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigates how variations in perceptions of friendship quality are related to the delinquency, maternal attachment, school attachment, and self-control levels of both a participant and his/her close friend.
Abstract: While associations with deviant peers are well understood to impact individual development, less is understood about the relationship between friendship quality and delinquency. Two criminological theories—social control theory and self-control theory—are able to offer an explanation for the latter relationship. Social control and self-control theories both premise that delinquents will have largely fractured, weak, and “cold and brittle” friendships. This study investigates how variations in perceptions of friendship quality are related to the delinquency, maternal attachment, school attachment, and self-control levels of both a participant and his/her close friend. To explore these relationships, the authors use a diverse (14 percent black; 18 percent Hispanic; 9 percent Asian) sample of 2,154 emerging adults within 1,077 friendship pairs (66 percent female). In each dyad, both members perceived the friendship’s quality and reported personal markers of delinquency, social bonds, and self-control. Several series of multilevel models are estimated that regress each participant’s friendship quality perception onto the participant’s and their friend’s delinquency, attachments, self-control, and demographic characteristics. Results show that delinquents have as intense, or more intense, friendships as non-delinquents. However, low levels of both actor and partner attachments and self-control are independently related to low friendship quality, and this is especially true for self-control. Supplemental analyses demonstrate that the effect of self-control on friendship quality may be reduced when individuals in dyads are delinquent. In conclusion, studies that address friendship quality without including characteristics of multiple members of the friendship are only capturing part of one’s estimate of friendship quality. Abstract published by arrangement with Springer.
Main Term(s): Peer influences on behavior
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Perception ; Deviance ; Social control
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264107

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