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NCJ Number: NCJ 242043     Find in a Library
Title: Patterns of Breaks in Umbilical Cords by Different Mechanisms
  Document URL: HTML 
Author(s): Samantha R. Evans, M.D. ; Darinka Mileusnic-Polchan, M.D., Ph.D.
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:57  Issue:5  Dated:September 2012  Pages:1222 to 1225
Date Published: 09/2012
Page Count: 4
  Annotation: Investigations of perinatal deaths often result in discrepancies between autopsy findings and witness accounts.
Abstract: Investigations of perinatal deaths often result in discrepancies between autopsy findings and witness accounts. The mechanism by which the umbilical cord is severed after delivery is a common quandary. Confirming or refuting the mother’s stated method frequently has significant investigative importance; however, a surprising paucity of data currently exists to allow an objective opinion about the likely mechanism. Ninety-nine placentas with umbilical cords were examined. By random selection, each cord was severed by one of the following tools or mechanisms: knives, scissors, traction, or crush. Each break was examined and photographed, and a tissue section from the broken end examined microscopically. Differentiation of mechanism was best done grossly based on specific pattern recognition. Umbilical cords severed by blunt force have distinctly different morphology from those severed by sharp force. Even similar-appearing sharp force transections frequently have mechanism-specific distinctive patterns of injury.Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
Index Term(s): Infanticide ; Homicide investigations ; Forensic pathology ; Injury investigations ; Family homicide
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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